Panic attack-Symptoms, causes and treatments


Panic attack may be defined as a sudden episode of intense fear which may trigger various physical symptoms that may mimic some other health problems such as heart, thyroid, and respiratory disease. When panic attack occurs, it may feel like that one is losing control, dying or even having heart attack. Most of the people usually have one or two panic attacks in their lifetime, but when the situation gets worse and one is getting panic attack very often then it is called as a panic disorder.

Difference between anxiety attack and panic attack.

The two major differences between panic attack and anxiety attack- panic attack occurs without any definite trigger. One can experience a panic attack while driving a car while sitting in the office, but in anxiety attack there is a definite trigger the symptom of panic attack last shorter as compared to anxiety attack. A symptom of panic attack is more intense than the symptom of anxiety attack.

What are the symptoms of panic attacks?

The symptoms of panic attack can be categorized into two parts, physical symptoms and non-physical symptoms. Physical symptoms include racing heart, chest pain, chills, nausea, sweating, etc. Non-Physical symptoms include intense fear, fear of losing control, fear of dying, derealization, depersonalization, etc. The symptoms of panic attack may last 5 to 10 minutes but some people may experience the episode longer.


Possible happening in your brain which causes panic attack.

Many studies are in progress to find out the actual connection between brain and panic attacks according to a theory it is possible that the part of the brain which is responsible for the fear become very active during the episode.

What not to do?

As the symptoms of panic attack are quite similar to that of heart attack, one must consult to a healthcare provider. The healthcare provider May suggest you to go through ECG, echo and TMT to rule out the heart disease, if no abnormality is found, the healthcare provider may make the diagnosis of panic attack.


How panic attacks can be prevented?

The very first step in the prevention of panic attack is having a close look on the triggers once trigger is identified, it can prevent any attack by avoiding that trigger one. Also can avoid caffeine, alcohol and smoking. Your healthcare provider may suggest you to exercise regularly, eat healthy diet, manage stress. In very severe cases, both medicines and counselling sessions are required.

Treatment of panic attack.

The treatment of panic disorder depends on various factors. The healthcare provider will first check out that how often these episodes are occurring. If it’s so often then the healthcare provider will give you some medicines to manage the symptoms. Once the symptoms are managed, the healthcare provider may ask you to go through counselling sessions.

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